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Analytical investigation of the influence of micro- and nanoplastic particles in crop plants by electron microscopic imaging and spectroscopy

Part of:
- Plenary Lecture Test Ploetz 1 Alexia Ploetz
- Poster Investigating Dynamic Biological Processes with High-Speed, High-Resolution Correlative AFM-Light Microscopy 1 Oilibhe Pabsch
- Poster Corrosion behaviour of potencially biodegradable ternary alloy Zn-Mg-Ca 1 Dipl.-Ing. Jan Pinc
- Poster Multi scale topography in titanium alloys by electron beam technique: influence on the tissue adhesion and bacterial contamination 1 Dr. Fernando Warchomicka
- Poster Cytotoxicity of gold nanorods and nanoribbons in context of biomedical applications 1 Marika Musielak
- Poster Preliminary studies of synthesis of gold nanoribbons using selected dicationic surfactants 1 Joanna Patalas
- Poster Diclofenac release from a silicon based hydrogel for contact lenses controlled by a layer-by-layer coating 1 Prof. Ana Serro
- Poster Synthesis, solubility and optical activity of chiral poly(2,4-disubstituted-2-oxazoline)s 1 Mengshi Yang
- Poster Influence of Cu2+-doping in β-TCP on the hydration kinetics of brushite cement investigated by Rietveld analysis and heat flow calorimetry 1 Karla Späth
- Poster Analytical investigation of the influence of micro- and nanoplastic particles in crop plants by electron microscopic imaging and spectroscopy 1 Dr. Jörg Wissler
- Poster Influence of fluoride corrosion attack on the metal-porcelain bond strength of TiCr20 compared to titanium 1 Christine Schille
- Poster Bacterial nanocellulose loaded with frankincense extract as natural wound dressing to treat local dermal inflammations 1 Berit Karl
- Poster Graded functionalization of polydopamine coated fiber mats as potential implant for tendon-bone-transition 1 Sarah Oehmichen
- Poster Enhancing the functionalities of bioactive glass-based scaffolds by novel polymeric coatings 1 Dr. Liliana Liverani
- Poster Durability analysis of the cryopreservation of DNA origami nanostructures 1 Yang Xin
- Poster Effects of staple age on DNA origami nanostructure assembly and stability 1 Charlotte Kielar
- Poster Dual-setting brushite-silica gel cements – Variations of the monomer precursors and tuning of the setting parameters 1 Ib Holzmeister
- Poster Novel QCM-D/microscopy set-up for real-time analysis of bacterial binding onto biomaterial-coated sensors 1 Dr. Zeqian Xu
- Poster Chairside plasma activation of encapsulated implants: how fast is it? 1 Miguel Angel Garcia Chame
- Poster Nanostructured high-pressure laminate surfaces to reduce transmission pathways of pathogens in public transportation 1 Christian Helbing
- Poster Biomineralization of Recombinant Spider Silk Films 1 Vanessa J. Neubauer
- Poster Modification of bacterial cellulose to enhance anti-inflammatory wound dressing properties 1 Uwe Beekmann
- Poster Absolute Characterization of Synthetic Macromolecules used in Biomaterials Science Applications 1 Mandy Grube
- Poster Biodegradable thermoplastic materials for bimodal imaging containing the mineral present in the human body 1 Zaneta Górecka
- Poster Nano-rough titanium surfaces created by wet alkaline etching and PVD and their influence on bacterial adhesion as well as protein adsorption 1 Michaela Schürmann
- Poster Effective strategies for the controlling and dealing with transmission pathway of pathogens in air traffi 1 Christian Helbing
- Poster Cytotoxicity evaluation of biodegradable Zn-4Cu alloy using L929, Saos-2 and TAg cell lines 1 Ping Li
- Poster Influence of pulsed bias voltage on the tribological and morphological properties of a-C coatings deposited by an anodic arc method 1 Dipl.-Ing. Ingo Erdmann

Session P: Poster Session
Belongs to:

The production of human food is inseparably linked with the cycles of life in nature. Entries into the cycles thus enter the human food chain, influencing habitat and health. Polymers are industrial products with use in practically every area of life. The amount of plastic polymers and paper materials is obviously constantly increasing. The resulting plastic waste has become a global problem and is observable from the plastic accumulation in the world's oceans. Polymers in degradation and already granulated microplastics, e.g. in daily care products, contribute to the amount of microplastics. Plastic is therefore found also in freshwaters which are used for water supply of humans, animals and plants. The influence and toxicity of micro- and nano-plastics is not yet sufficiently explored. Depending on the polymer type, plastics stability varies to external influences in respect to action of forces, abrasion, temperature, UV radiation and metabolic conversion by microorganisms. This results in particle fragments with sizes in the micrometer and nanometer range. Crop plants cannot escape the micro- and nano-plastic particles as the particles pass into the soil through contaminated water. Micro- and nanoparticles can be taken up in the food chain by using crop plants as food resource. Therefore, the reliable identification of polymer particles in soil and plant samples is important as in animal organisms. The effect of micro- and nanoparticle on plants is investigated using model plants of Lepidium sativum and Valerianella. Imaging techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and focused ion beam (FIB) are used for investigating the microscopic distribution of particles in soil and plant samples. The depicted topographical compositions of micro- and nanoparticles allow conclusions of potential interactions with plant interfaces or the accumulation potential. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and Raman spectroscopy support the microenvironmental differentiation of natural and particle structures based on element- or molecule-specific signatures. The spectroscopic and imaging data can be correlated with the biogenic effects of the micro- and nanoparticles influence on the model plant growth. This allows the methodic evaluation of the chosen spectroscopic SEM/FIB analysis approach for the investigation of the influence and biocompatibility of polymer micro- or nanoparticles on uptake and growth of crop plants.


Additional Authors:
  • Dr. Detlef Dierksen