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Chairside plasma activation of encapsulated implants: how fast is it?

Part of:
- Plenary Lecture Test Ploetz 1 Alexia Ploetz
- Poster Investigating Dynamic Biological Processes with High-Speed, High-Resolution Correlative AFM-Light Microscopy 1 Oilibhe Pabsch
- Poster Corrosion behaviour of potencially biodegradable ternary alloy Zn-Mg-Ca 1 Dipl.-Ing. Jan Pinc
- Poster Multi scale topography in titanium alloys by electron beam technique: influence on the tissue adhesion and bacterial contamination 1 Dr. Fernando Warchomicka
- Poster Cytotoxicity of gold nanorods and nanoribbons in context of biomedical applications 1 Marika Musielak
- Poster Preliminary studies of synthesis of gold nanoribbons using selected dicationic surfactants 1 Joanna Patalas
- Poster Diclofenac release from a silicon based hydrogel for contact lenses controlled by a layer-by-layer coating 1 Prof. Ana Serro
- Poster Synthesis, solubility and optical activity of chiral poly(2,4-disubstituted-2-oxazoline)s 1 Mengshi Yang
- Poster Influence of Cu2+-doping in β-TCP on the hydration kinetics of brushite cement investigated by Rietveld analysis and heat flow calorimetry 1 Karla Späth
- Poster Analytical investigation of the influence of micro- and nanoplastic particles in crop plants by electron microscopic imaging and spectroscopy 1 Dr. Jörg Wissler
- Poster Influence of fluoride corrosion attack on the metal-porcelain bond strength of TiCr20 compared to titanium 1 Christine Schille
- Poster Bacterial nanocellulose loaded with frankincense extract as natural wound dressing to treat local dermal inflammations 1 Berit Karl
- Poster Graded functionalization of polydopamine coated fiber mats as potential implant for tendon-bone-transition 1 Sarah Oehmichen
- Poster Enhancing the functionalities of bioactive glass-based scaffolds by novel polymeric coatings 1 Dr. Liliana Liverani
- Poster Durability analysis of the cryopreservation of DNA origami nanostructures 1 Yang Xin
- Poster Effects of staple age on DNA origami nanostructure assembly and stability 1 Charlotte Kielar
- Poster Dual-setting brushite-silica gel cements – Variations of the monomer precursors and tuning of the setting parameters 1 Ib Holzmeister
- Poster Novel QCM-D/microscopy set-up for real-time analysis of bacterial binding onto biomaterial-coated sensors 1 Dr. Zeqian Xu
- Poster Chairside plasma activation of encapsulated implants: how fast is it? 1 Miguel Angel Garcia Chame
- Poster Nanostructured high-pressure laminate surfaces to reduce transmission pathways of pathogens in public transportation 1 Christian Helbing
- Poster Biomineralization of Recombinant Spider Silk Films 1 Vanessa J. Neubauer
- Poster Modification of bacterial cellulose to enhance anti-inflammatory wound dressing properties 1 Uwe Beekmann
- Poster Absolute Characterization of Synthetic Macromolecules used in Biomaterials Science Applications 1 Mandy Grube
- Poster Biodegradable thermoplastic materials for bimodal imaging containing the mineral present in the human body 1 Zaneta Górecka
- Poster Nano-rough titanium surfaces created by wet alkaline etching and PVD and their influence on bacterial adhesion as well as protein adsorption 1 Michaela Schürmann
- Poster Effective strategies for the controlling and dealing with transmission pathway of pathogens in air traffi 1 Christian Helbing
- Poster Cytotoxicity evaluation of biodegradable Zn-4Cu alloy using L929, Saos-2 and TAg cell lines 1 Ping Li
- Poster Influence of pulsed bias voltage on the tribological and morphological properties of a-C coatings deposited by an anodic arc method 1 Dipl.-Ing. Ingo Erdmann

Session P: Poster Session
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Purpose: A hydrophilic surface can favor the osseointegration of Titanium (Ti) dental implants. We aimed to determine the minimum time required to reach a hydrophilic surface using different working gases in a novel chairside plasma activation technique of encapsulated Ti implants.

Material and Methods: Ti Grade V alloy rods (2.98mm diameter) and glass tubes were ultrasonically cleaned with a sequential ethanol–Hellmanex–Millipore water protocol. Each Ti sample was encapsulated in a glass tube at a pressure of 0.3mbar using a working gas (either Argon, Oxygen or atmospheric Air). Plasma was generated inside each capsule by induction using a chairside device for either 10s, 20s, 60s, or 10min. Corresponding control samples of each working gas received no plasma treatment. Changes in wettability were evaluated in triplicate using dynamic contact angle analysis by tensiometric Wilhelmy experiments (3 cycles, 10mm/min immersion speed) and statistically analyzed (ANOVA, Tukey’s test, p<0.05).

Results: Control samples exhibited contact angles ranging from 57° to 105°. We found a statistical difference between controls and 10s-plasma treatment in all gases (p<0.05). Argon- and air-plasma did not statistically differ in 10s treatment (contact angle 18.3±4.2° vs. 24.3±3.2°, respectively) but, Argon-plasma allowed a more uniform change towards hydrophilicity when considering all immersion cycles. Oxygen-plasma required at least 20s to assure hydrophilicity. At 60s-plasma treatment, all working gases switched Ti samples towards superhydrophilicity (contact angles 0°) as also 10min treatments did.

Conclusion: After plasma activation, all working gases rendered the surface of encapsulated Ti implants hydrophilic. However, the time required varied among them, being Argon-plasma the fastest treatment that increased the wettability of Ti implants uniformly within 10s. These findings suggest that chairside plasma activation can be a promising technique to induce hydrophilicity of Ti implants at dentists' offices with a minimum of time.

Miguel Angel Garcia Chame
University Hospital Tübingen
Additional Authors:
  • Prof. Dr. Frank Rupp
    University Hospital Tübingen
  • Christof Diener
    Diener electronic GmbH + Co. KG
  • Prof. Dr. Jürgen Geis-Gerstorfer
    University Hospital Tübingen